Wellcome to Jani Buriro
At the surroundings of brown and green woods of dates, Jani Buriro situates at 12 Kms exactly on Main Highway towards Karachi from Khairpur district of Sindh, Pakistan.
There are no official record available about the history of the Village. The information was collected from the local sources .According to the informants the village is about four hundred years old.The first settler was Khair Mohammad Buriro who came from Kalati and got settled at this place. At that time the majority of Hindus migrated in this village from surrounding villages like Kandhra and Babarloi . The village was called Khairay-jo-Goth by the name of its founder Khair Mohammad .The other people who came to settle in this Village were syeds and Abro.
Oral traditions confirm that the village was under the control of Mirs of Khairpur .They were influential persons in the area and persecuted the people of the village without any specific reason. They kept the villagers in dungeons for many months and set them free at their specail occasions like marriages and gathering with Nawabs . These acts carried out by Mirs are locally called "Shers"(The Lions). Mirs used to get their acts done by their Khalifas(Assistants), special servants.
In those days a person of this village Named Jani Buriro who was born in 1830 AD was the special servant of Mirs. He being near and dear to the Mirs was promoted as a Wadero(The Lead Man) of the village. Hence he got the popularity even in the other villages ,which were at the distance from his own. Then, the Khairay-jo-Goth was renamed as Jani Buriro by the name of Jani.
In those days , due to shortage of water and absence of irrigation system the crops were being grown at very small scales. The wells were the main sources of irrigation and for drinking water. The water was given to the lands through the help of "Aits Nar" (a large water wheel worked by a pair of bullocks or one camel). In accordance with the availability of water , they could grow merely wheat, millet and grasses for thier cattle. At that time villagers grew the wheat at the subsistence level and used it at the special occasions like marriages and funerals. Small water channels running from the wells to the field were the only source of irrigation prior to canal irrigation system introduced by the British in 1937.
After the departure of Hindus in the partition of sub-continent(1947),their properties were occupied by Buriro people living in this village. People from Abro social group also left for their lands. They were landless families. So when they got their land they settled there. More-over, in 1949 a large number of Buriro people came from near areas and settled there.
Language spoken in the village is Sindhi. Most of villagers also understand and speak Siraiki. Urdu is also spoken by some people who have got jobs in urban area i.e Khairpur and Kot Diji or other cities, where they interact with Urdu speaking people . A few youngsters studying in college or university are fond of speaking English when they meet with educated looking person. The medium of institutions in the school is also Sindhi.
Before the partition of sub-continent, the villagers used to give informal education i.e Quranic lessons which were give by the hired Mullah in the Mosque. They had no any school facility in the village even there was no school in nearby villages. The first person was "Mulla Samano" belonged to Buriro social group who felt it heartily that without education of English or formal this village can't develop. It was he who first got primary school granted in the villager education. The school building was covered as cemented in 1990. Primary school for girls was established in 1994 .Its building is not fully constructed. There fore girls of primary classes are taught at the 'OTAQ' provided by the villagers. For middle and higher secondary education boys go to the villages Hussain Abad and Layari. Students for bachelor and Masters degrees join Shah Abdul Latif University Khairpur . Now 53% from the total population is literate in the village. Due to there is no availability of Girl's higher secondary school and college, villagers do not send girls to out side the village .To send a girl out side the village is a matter of honour for them . So most of the villagers keep girls at house after passing Primary Education. There fore , families contribute nothing at graduation and masters level education.
FACILITIES IN THE VILLAGE
Government Boys Primary School.
Government Girls Primary School.
Basic Health Unit.
ESSENTIAL NEEDS FOR THE
Government Middle & High School for Girls and Boys.
Technical Center ( For Women).
Computer Training for Boys and Girls.
Full Medical Hospital.
Water Supply System.
Tube well ( Which has been closed by Government due to lack of funds, with
this cause the water logging and salinity position of
land goes ruining position. If this situation runs as per going on then the
basic economy of the village will be down at the zero... ( God forbidden).